Nowadays, Knee pain is one of the most common complaints from people of all ages. It can result from any injury, torn cartilage, or bleeding of ligaments. Knee Pain can occur due to aging and repeated stress on the knee. In today’s increasing rate of society, the rate of knee pain is increasing.

The knee depends on several structural parts, including bones, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons.

Symptoms of Knee Pain:

You will understand if these signs and symptoms have been noticed in your knee, they are:-

  • You will notice some swelling and stiffness in your knee
  • Your knee will be Red and sensitive when it’s touched
  • Weakness or unstable knee
  • Popping
  • Crunching noises
  • You are unable to straighten the knee fully

Now Let’s Come To the Causes Of Knee Pain:

Many causes, like injuries, types of arthritis, mechanical problems, and other problems, can cause Knee Pain.


  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament

An injury in the knee can affect any of the ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs that surround your knee joint and the bones, cartilage, and ligaments that constitute the joint itself. Some of the more common knee injuries include:

  • ACL Injury- A torn Anterior Cruciate ligament causes the ACL injury, the one ligament out of four that connects your shinbone to the thighbone. An ACL injury is primarily seen in people who play basketball, soccer, or other sports requiring sudden direction changes.
  • Fractures – The knee bones, including the kneecap, can be broken during falls or auto accidents. Also, people whose bones have been weakened by osteoporosis can sometimes be affected by a knee fracture simply by stepping wrong.
  • Torn Meniscus- The rigid, rubbery cartilage can be torn if you suddenly twist your knee while taking some weights on it.
  • Knee Bursitis- Some knee injuries cause inflammation in the bursae, which are fluid-filled sacs outside your knee joint so that tendons and ligaments glide smoothly over the joint.
  • Patellar Tendinitis- Tendinitis causes irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons. This inflammation can happen only when there’s an injury to the patellar tendon. Runners, skiers, cyclists, and those involved in jumping sports and activities may develop patellar tendinitis.

Mechanical Problems:

Some examples of mechanical problems that can cause knee pain include:

  • Loose body
  • Iliotibial band syndrome
  • Dislocated kneecap
  • Hip or foot pain

Types Of Arthritis:

More than 100 different types of arthritis exist. The varieties which mainly affect the knee include:

  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Gout.
  • Pseudogout.
  • Septic arthritis.

Risk Factors:

Several factors increase your risk of having knee problems which include:

  • Excess weight- The stress in the knee joint increase if you are overweight or obese, and you will find difficulty even during ordinary activities such as walking or going up and down stairs.
  • Lack of muscle flexibility or strength- A lack of strength and flexibility can increase the risk of knee injuries. Strong muscles help stabilize and protect your joints, and muscle flexibility can help you to achieve a full range of motion.
  • Certain sports or occupations- Some sports put more significant strain on your knees, like Alpine skiing and basketball jumps, and when you run or jog, all increase your risk of a knee injury.
  • Previous injury- A previous knee injury makes you more likely to injure your knee again.


Not all knee pain is severe. But some knee injuries and medical conditions like osteoarthritis can lead to increasing pain, joint damage, and disability if left untreated.


It is not always possible to prevent knee pain still. The following suggestions may help:

Keep extra pounds off- Maintaining a healthy diet is the best way to prevent knee pain. Every extra pound puts additional strain on your joints, which increases the risk of injuries and osteoarthritis.

Be in shape to play your sport- To prepare your muscles for fulfilling the needs of sports participation, take time for conditioning.

Practice perfectly- Make sure the technique and movement patterns you use in your sports or activity are the best. Lessons from a professional can be beneficial.

Get strong, stay flexible- Weak muscles are a leading cause of knee injuries. You’ll benefit from building up your quadriceps and hamstrings, the muscles on the front and back of your thighs that help support your knees. Balance and stability training helps the muscles around your knees work together more effectively. And because tight muscles also can contribute to injury, stretching is essential. Try to include flexibility exercises in your workouts.

Be smart about exercise- If you have osteoarthritis, chronic knee pain, or recurring injuries, you may need to change how you exercise. Consider switching to swimming, water aerobics, or other low-impact activities at least for a few days a week. Sometimes simply limiting high-impact activities will provide relief.

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