Insomnia is the most common disorder related to Sleep, which can make it hard to fall asleep or stay asleep. It is either you wake up too early or not be able to get back to Sleep. Being still tired when you wake up is common. The disorder can lower your energy level, health, mood, work, and quality of life. Sleep can vary between persons, but most adults need 7-8 hours of Sleep at night.
Many adults experience acute Insomnia, which is short-term Insomnia that is for some days or weeks due to some traumatic event or stress. But many adults have chaotic Insomnia, which is long-term and lasts for more than a month.
What causes Insomnia?
It can be a primary or secondary problem associated with other medications or conditions. Insomnia is of two types- Acute and Chronic. Chronic Insomnia is a result of stress, habits, or some life events which disrupt Sleep. You can treat the cause to avoid Insomnia, but it sometimes lasts for years.
These are the common factors that result in Insomnia:
- Stress- Consernment regarding school, health, finances, or family can keep your mind active at night, making it hard to sleep. Stressful life events or trauma such as the death or illness of a loved one, divorce, or a job loss, these kinds of stress also may lead to Insomnia.
- Travel or work schedule- Metabolism, body temperature, sleep-wake cycle, which is acted by your circadian rhythms. Disrupting your body’s circadian rhythms can lead to Insomnia. Causes include jet lag from traveling, working a late or early shift, or frequently changing shifts.
- Poor sleep habits- Poor sleep habits include an irregular bedtime schedule, naps, stimulating activities before bed, an uncomfortable sleep environment, and using your bed for work, eating, or watching TV. Computers, TVs, video games, smartphones, or other screens just before bed can interfere with your sleep cycle.
- Overeating late in the evening may cause you to feel physically uncomfortable while lying down. Many people also experience heartburn, a backflow of acid and food from the stomach into the esophagus after eating, which may keep you awake.
Additional common causes of Insomnia include:
- Mental health disorders
- Medical conditions
- Sleep-related disorders
- Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol
- Insomnia and aging
As you get old, you may experience the following:
- Changes in sleep patterns- Sleep becomes less restful often as you age. You may experience sensitive Sleep, i.e., you might wake up by any noise or any changes in the environment. Your internal clock often advances with age. Sleep often becomes less restful as you age, but older people need the same amount of Sleep as younger people do.
- Changes in activity- you may be less physically or socially active. A lack of exercise can interfere with a good night’s Sleep. Also, the less active you are, the more likely you may take a daily nap, which will interfere with your Sleep at night.
- Changes in health- Chronic pain from conditions such as arthritis or back problems as well as depression or anxiety, can interfere with Sleep. Issues that increase the need to urinate during the night, such as prostate or bladder problems, can disrupt Sleep.
- More medications- Older people use more prescription drugs than younger people, which increases the chance of Insomnia associated with medications.
Insomnia in children and teens
Sleep problems may be a concern for children and teenagers as well. Some children and teens have trouble getting to Sleep or resist a regular bedtime because their internal clocks are late. They want to go to bed later and sleep later in the morning.
You don’t always have to put up with sleepless nights. Simple changes in your daily habits can often help.
Insomnia symptoms may include-
- Difficulty falling asleep at night
- Suddenly waking up during the night
- Waking up too early
- Feeling tired after a night’s Sleep
- Daytime sleepiness
- Irritability, frustration, depression, or anxiety
- Difficulty paying attention, focusing on tasks, or remembering
- Ongoing worries about Sleep
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